On the Natural Faculties (Illustrated)

On the Natural Faculties Illustrated The text used is with a few unimportant modifications that of K hn Vol II as edited by Georg Helmreich Teubner Leipzig The numbers of the pages of K hn s edition are printed at the side of th

  • Title: On the Natural Faculties (Illustrated)
  • Author: Galen
  • ISBN: -
  • Page: 176
  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • The text used is with a few unimportant modifications that of K hn Vol II , as edited by Georg Helmreich Teubner, Leipzig, 1893 The numbers of the pages of K hn s edition are printed at the side of the Greek text, a parallel mark in the line indicating the exact point of division between K hn s pages Words in the English text which are enclosed in square brackeThe text used is with a few unimportant modifications that of K hn Vol II , as edited by Georg Helmreich Teubner, Leipzig, 1893 The numbers of the pages of K hn s edition are printed at the side of the Greek text, a parallel mark in the line indicating the exact point of division between K hn s pages Words in the English text which are enclosed in square brackets are supplementary or explanatory practically all explanations, however, are relegated to the footnotes or introduction In the footnotes, also, attention is drawn to words which are of particular philological interest from the point of view of modern medicine I have made the translation directly from the Greek where passages of special difficulty occurred, I have been able to compare my own version with Linacre s Latin translation 1523 and the French rendering of Charles Daremberg 1854 56 in this respect I am also peculiarly fortunate in having had the help of Mr A W Pickard Cambridge of Balliol College, Oxford, who most kindly went through the Pg vi proofs and made many valuable suggestions from the point of view of exact scholarship My best thanks are due to the Editors for their courtesy and for the kindly interest they have taken in the work I have also gratefully to acknowledge the receipt of much assistance and encouragement from Sir William Osler, Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford, and from Dr J D Comrie, first lecturer on the History of Medicine at Edinburgh University Professor D Arcy W Thompson of University College, Dundee, and Sir W T Thiselton Dyer, late director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, have very kindly helped me to identify several animals and plants mentioned by Galen I cannot conclude without expressing a word of gratitude to my former biological teachers, Professors Patrick Geddes and J Arthur Thomson The experience reared on the foundation of their teaching has gone far to help me in interpreting the great medical biologist of Greece I should be glad to think that the present work might help, however little, to hasten the coming reunion between the humanities and modern biological science their present separation I believe to be against the best interest of both A J B 22nd Stationary Hospital, Aldershot March, 1916.

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    About “Galen

    • Galen

      Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus AD 129 c 200 c 216 , better known as Galen of Pergamon modern day Bergama, Turkey , was a prominent Roman of Greek ethnicity physician, surgeon and philosopher Arguably the most accomplished of all medical researchers of antiquity, Galen contributed greatly to the understanding of numerous scientific disciplines, including anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and neurology, as well as philosophy and logic.The son of Aelius Nicon, a wealthy architect with scholarly interests, Galen received a comprehensive education that prepared him for a successful career as a physician and philosopher He traveled extensively, exposing himself to a wide variety of medical theories and discoveries before settling in Rome, where he served prominent members of Roman society and eventually was given the position of personal physician to several emperors.Galen s understanding of anatomy and medicine was principally influenced by the then current theory of humorism, as advanced by many ancient Greek physicians such as Hippocrates His theories dominated and influenced Western medical science for than 1,300 years His anatomical reports, based mainly on dissection of monkeys, especially the Barbary Macaque, and pigs, remained uncontested until 1543, when printed descriptions and illustrations of human dissections were published in the seminal work De humani corporis fabrica by Andreas Vesalius where Galen s physiological theory was accommodated to these new observations Galen s theory of the physiology of the circulatory system endured until 1628, when William Harvey published his treatise entitled De motu cordis, in which he established that blood circulates, with the heart acting as a pump Medical students continued to study Galen s writings until well into the 19th century Galen conducted many nerve ligation experiments that supported the theory, which is still accepted today, that the brain controls all the motions of the muscles by means of the cranial and peripheral nervous systems.Galen saw himself as both a physician and a philosopher, as he wrote in his treatise entitled That the Best Physician is also a Philosopher Galen was very interested in the debate between the rationalist and empiricist medical sects, and his use of direct observation, dissection and vivisection represents a complex middle ground between the extremes of those two viewpoints Many of his works have been preserved and or translated from the original Greek, although many were destroyed and some credited to him are believed to be spurious Although there is some debate over the date of his death, he was no younger than seventy when he died.



    361 thoughts on “On the Natural Faculties (Illustrated)

    • The fact is that those who are enslaved to their sects are not merely devoid of all sound knowledge, but they will not even stop to learn!This little book was appended to my Great Books of the Western World copy of the Hippocratic writings, so I decided to go ahead and read it. I’m not sure I’m happy with that decision. Having, by now, read my fair share of ancient science, I must confess that the experience is often stultifyingly dull; and this little treatise was one of the worst I’ve so [...]


    • As I proceeded through the pages about urine, bile and digestion, I had difficulty understanding why Galen was included in Britannica’s Great Books list. Then I came to this passage near the end: While, however, the statements which the Ancients made on these points were correct, they yet omitted to defend their arguments with logical proofs; of course they never suspected that there could be sophists so shameless as to try to contradict obvious facts. More recent physicians, again, have been [...]


    • Galen's (200 A.D.) view of medicine was based on that of his hero Hippocrates, and was the standard view of medicine until the 1530s, when Vesalius conducted his researches. Galen's emphasis on the importance of blood-letting in certain circumstances influenced medicine as late as the 1800s.Much of this book is an animated (and by today's standards fairly vicious) attack on the alleged idiocy of those who held views different from his own; its value lies in the arguments Galen puts forward to co [...]


    • Apart from whatever merit Galen's work has, this is a terrible edition. Amateurish, cheap, antiquated, and typo-ridden. I've heard this comes in the superb Loeb edition, and if you're really interested in Galen, no doubt that's the one to get. Back to Galen himself. The man made some progress, but was still incredibly ignorant about the way the body worked. And to jump from him to Harvey is to instantly realize how startlingly little medicine progressed between Galen's time and the 1600s A.D. Sa [...]


    • Light but not entertaining reading and hard to see how it would be practically useful. Galen presents his view of what the organs do, sometimes he is right, sometimes he is wrong.* The ideas in this book seem useless to an ancient doctor. It does not contain empirical observations like "beans make you fat" or "fish gives a long life", instead it discusses ideas like that urine comes from the urinary bladder, points out that the gall blader is very different from the urinary bladder, notes that i [...]


    • Help me out MDs! Am I right in seeing Galen as a progression and perhaps even a corrective to Hippocrates, Eristitatus, and others? Since my background in life science is very limited, I hesitate to be either critical or precise. I know more about physiology now than before I read this, so you can't really lose by reading this, can you? I might suggest reading a little Hippocrates first, as I did, to provide a little context.


    • Galen is debatably less wrong than the earlier Greek physicians whom he so viciously decries, but his crude anatomical theories have little bearing on modern medicine. This edition is poorly edited and poorly laid out. The Loeb Classics edition is much better, but really, why bother?


    • It's a most systematic and authoritative argument for his own take on scientific medicine in his day and make no wonder Marcus Aurelius wanted him as his personal doctor when off to fight the Germans and not much at Galen's stubbornly staying in Pergamum in preference.





    • Like with Harvey, I wish my copy had been illustrated so I could follow. However, his 'thing or two to say about other physicians' gave me enough material to commonplace.



    • It is amazing to read the foundations of Medicine. Something of such complexity once was such simplicity.


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